Formation of Struggles and the Early Workers' Unions
The first embryos of the independent movement of the working class of Iran were formed in early 20th century. The first workers' union was established by the print workers in 1905. At that time daily working hours were extremely long and the wages very low The wages that were paid in return for a 14 hours working day could hardly meet workers living costs .Women were earning less than 2/3 of male workers and the children half of women's wages. Thererfore, obviously the first arena of workers' fight with the employers was the struggle for wage increase and reduction of hours of work The print workers who were the vanguards of establishing workers' trade organizations in Iran, during the same year which they established their union, organised Their first strike for the reduction of the working hours from 14 to 10 which ended in workers victory. In that year other strikes occurred including the strikes of the workers of the Fisheries industry for higher wages. A year later the Union of the Tehran Wagons Workers called a strike to protest against dismissal of workers and very low wages .The strike ended successfully for the workers...