Long live the class independence of workers
Home
Communiques
News from Iran
Against the Current
Program
A comparative Program
25 years of struggle for socialism
A brief history of  working class movement in Iran
A brief history of Orfanisation of Fedaian (minority)
Retrogression in the socialist movement of Iran
Contact
Links
A brief history of organisation of Fedaian (Minority)

At the same time as the growth of capitalist relations at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the Iranian working class started to grow. Despite all the obstacles and limits which imperialism and international finance capital had put on the "free" and rapid developement of capitalism in Iran, their influence has caused the capitalist alteration process to take place at a slowesr rate and the Iranian working class had already grown by the beginning of the 20th century. The first trade unions were founded at the same time during the bourgeois-democratic revolution in Iran called "The Constitutional revolution (1905 - 1911)". The first social democratic cells appeared at this time, and social democratic circles were formed.

Despite the modest numbers of the industrial proletariat, the fact which helped to stimulate the socialist- marxist tendencies and increase the consciousness of the working class, was the Iranian workers connection with the Russian social-democratic movement at the start of this century. Every year, a large number of Iranian workers travelled to Russia in order to find a job and many found work with the Baku oil industry. They became acquainted with Marxism and the organised movement of the proletariat in Russia. When they later on returned to Iran, they continued with their activities as "conscious workers"...

A brief history of working class movement

Formation of Struggles and the Early Workers' Unions

The first embryos of the independent movement of the working class of Iran were formed in early 20th century. The first workers' union was established by the print workers in 1905. At that time daily working hours were extremely long and the wages very low The wages that were paid in return for a 14 hours working day could hardly meet workers living costs .Women were earning less than 2/3 of male workers and the children half of women's wages...